A student who is interested in studying law can take up different branches according to their interest. Say for example. You are interested in solving matters related to personal relationships, marriage, and other interpersonal situations such as injury cases, you can take up the branch of civil law. Another important branch is the criminal law where you deal with cases related to crimes. You will study about what a crime is and the procedures, which identify a criminal and the victim. The study of criminal can be branched in two sections. Both these sections involve the participation of specialized lawyers. The first branch of study is the criminal the criminal procedure where you get to know about the procedures of conducting a criminal trial, how to investigate the claims and how to collect evidence for supporting your argument.
The aim of the criminal procedure is to observe an orderly system for executing the trial in your pursuit of justice. Criminal attorney specializes in the criminal procedure. He carefully studies the criminal procedure and reviews how the evidence is collected. The clients right to justice under the law are given the main importance and the criminal attorney sees that the truth always wins. The criminal attorney also keeps the rule, ‘innocent until proven guilty’ through out the criminal procedure and other investigation process.
The second branch of study under criminal law is the substantive law. This branch deals on the crime and the punishment. The criminal attorneys who specialize under the substantive branch work with the person accused of the crime. These criminal attorneys start working with the client accused of the crime when approached by him or they work with them when they are designated by the court to do so. Criminal attorneys contact the client and work out the investigation procedure along with them after hearing about the details of the events, which led to such accusation. The criminal attorneys will keep all their discussions confidential. A criminal attorney will continue to help out his client even if he admits his guilt.
A criminal attorney should always realize that everything is relative and he should try to collect all possible facts related to the crime both from the client as well as from the federal authorities. Based on the information he gathers, the criminal attorney works out the presentation of the trial in the courtroom so that his client is presented in the best possible light. If incase the client is guilty, then the criminal attorney would still work out an argument which will produce a doubt of guilt. The criminal attorney should know that the jury is instructed to study the trial in such a manner that the person is proven guilty with the help of the witnesses that are presented in the trial. Again the witnesses are divided in to two categories as character witness and witness of the actual event. A criminal attorney will try to present the character witnesses in the best possible way so that the person involved in the trial is kept in good light.
A criminal attorney will also work out his presentation in such as manner that his client is defended in the best possible way and he also ensures that the punishment fits the client if in case he is proved guilty. A criminal attorney remains supportive to his client until the trial ends. He also tries to obtain a favorable out come of the trial for his client.